With a large number of professional athletes suffering concussions and other brain injuries, more emphasis is being placed on traumatic head injuries. Not limited to the world of sports, traumatic brain injuries (TBI) affect accident victims of all types, including slips and falls, domestic incidents or car accidents.
The first and most important thing to do after suffering a head injury is to seek medical attention. Even a mild blow to the head can result in a traumatic brain injury and you should be aware of the warning signs of TBI. According to the Mayo Clinic, these include:
- Loss of consciousness for up to a few minutes
- Feelings of depression or anxiety
- Nausea or vomiting
- Concentration problems
Those that suffer severe TBI may exhibit the same signs and symptoms of those suffering mild TBI, but additionally more severe symptoms will manifest right after the trauma occurs, according to the Mayo Clinic. Symptoms of severe TBI include:
- Loss of consciousness from minutes to hours
- Odd behavior, including agitation and combativeness
- Profound confusion
- Weakness or numbness in limbs
- Continued vomiting or nausea
- Continued or worsening headache
- Pupil dilation
- Loss of bowel or bladder control
Treatment for TBI can range from rest and pain killers for mild instances of brain injury to the use of oxygen, powerful medications, surgery and extensive rehabilitation for severe TBI. Complications related to TBI include the possibility of experiencing seizures, infection (if there is an open wound), nerve damage, issues with brain functions including understanding basic concepts, motor functions, emotional instability and sensory issues.
Along with suffering a traumatic brain injury, impacts to the head can also cause damage to the neck and spine as force travels through the body.
If you or a loved one has been involved in an accident that resulted in a head trauma, seek medical attention, even if you believe the trauma to be minor. After seeking medical treatment, speak to an experienced personal injury attorney to discuss all of your options for recovering compensation for your injuries.